家庭在教育中的作用,搭配记忆法巧解英译汉

  大家后面说过,复习考研[微博]英文要信赖真题,在回想词汇和演习阅读驾驭、翻译题的时候要结成真题做搭配记念,并辅以相应的练习,下边我们就以真题为例,从当中选抽出轻便并发的考试的场面,让二〇一四的考生更加深切地通晓“搭配回忆”法。

1 Good parenting

  【相关真题】

Good schooling
The parent-child relationship

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies
consist of one-parent households or two working parents;
consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than
was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental
supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other
identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in
school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing
incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to
increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a
direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

2 Build strong family relationships

  【高频考试的地点】

Build a sense of belonging
Have meals as a family
Share family chores
Share ideas and feelings

  1.爆发变化:experiencechanges

Strengthen family bonds
Family bonding activities

  2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

Achieve a good work-family balance
Help their children with homework

  3.XKF会对青年发案率产生影响:XKFis thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

Monitor their children’s academic performance
Are more involved in their children’s education

  4.扩大大概性:increasethe probability

These parents believe that they are more involved in their children’s
education than their own parents were.

  5.直接的报应不爽关系还从未创设起来:adirect causal relationship has not
yet been established

Teach their children good manners
Provide good role models for their children

  6.可明确的缘由:identifiablecauses

3 Working parents

  7.犯案的行事:offensiveacts

It helps busy working parents balance their lives.

  8.某一件事产生更为多:thegrowing incidence of something

Have busy careers
(Children) Spend their after-school hours without adult supervision

  【翻译演练】

Internet addiction
Spend too much time online
Weaken family bonds
Feel disconnected from each other
Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years。

4 Parenting style/ child-rearing style

  ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working
parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at
home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

Expect their children to do exactly what they are told
Stifle their creativity
Damage their self-esteem

  结构提醒:than was common in the traditional
familystructure突显相比的逻辑关系,相比的双方是未来的儿女与价值观家庭的儿女。

Spoil their children
Permissive parents
(Children) can behave as they please

  ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

Are understanding and supportive
Respect their feelings
Support their choices
Respect their individuality

  ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or
failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and
the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

Western parents try to respect their children’s individuality.

  结构提醒:frustration or failure in school, theincreased
availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of
childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语合作组成句子的宾语。

Give them advice and support
Encourage them to think independently
Help them build self-confidence and self-esteem
Help them achieve their potential

  ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child
committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not
yet been established。

5 Emotional health/ emotional well-being

  【参谋译文】

This program aims to promote emotional health among young people.

  ①近几来,家庭也时有产生了有个别变通。

Provide them with emotional support
(Children) Seek advice from parents
Damage their emotional health

  ②单亲家庭也许老人都要上班的家园越多,那样一来,家庭对男女的保证比古板家庭或许会少一些。

6 Develop good moral values

  ③紧缺爸妈监督被感到对青少年作案的可能率有自然的熏陶。

Teach children the difference between right and wrong
Teach children about social responsibility

  ④此外可以找到的犯罪的行为的来由包涵在学堂的挫败和倒闭、毒品和酒越来越轻便获取、凌虐孩子和忽视孩子的平地风波更是多。

7 Good behavior

  ⑤独具那个标准往往会增添青少年人违规的大概,就算它们之间向来的因果关系还不曾规定。

Follow school rules
Develop self-control
Well-behavior students
Teach them good manners and etiquette

  “搭配记念法”对我们回忆单词、消除翻译题有不小的支援,但其余美妙的法子都亟需在浓厚的演练中熟能生巧,希望大家在事后的复习进程中,能遵照这种艺术把真题吃透,万众一心,你会发觉功效实在不错!

Break school rules
Unacceptable behavior

  来源:文都教育

8 Their peers

Peer pressure
Are in their formative years
Often act on impulse

Teenagers often act on impulse and get into trouble with their
parents.

Are influenced by peer pressure
Positive peer pressure ➡️ Increase their motivation to learn
Negative peer pressure ➡️ drug abuse, teenage sex, school bullying,
youth crime

Feel lonely and isolated

9 Behavior problems

Unruly students
Drop out of school

Half of young adults who dropped out of school regretted their
decision later.

Are involved with gangs and crime

Take responsibility for their own actions
Have respect for their neighbors and communities

10 Youth crime

Lack self-control
Do not think about the consequences of their actions
Commit a crime

Reduce/ prevent youth crime
Become law-abiding citizens

11 Prepare them well for adult life

Increase their independence
A responsible member of society
A productive/ contributing member of society

(Parents) raise their children to be responsible/ productive/
contributing members of society

(School) prepare students to be…
Produce well-rounded individuals

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